Advisor for RENOVATION, REPAIR, REAL ESTATE and CONSTRUCTION for foreigners living in Japan

Glossary of Real Estate Terms in Japan-け(KE),げGE)-

Real estate Terms -け(KE),げGE)-

CATV [CATV] (けーぶるてれび)

Cable TV.  Local cable TV companies will also provide high speed Internet access services via communication cables.



The Basic Law on Landscape Architecture defines a system to create a landscape that reflects the individuality of the region.


蛍光灯 [KEIKOUTOU] (けいこうとう)

In order for a fluorescent lamp to turn on, it needs a 点灯管 [TENTOUKAN] (てんとうかん) “glow starter” to start the discharge.


珪藻土 [KEISOUDO] (けいそうど)

Sedimentary soil from the remains of diatoms, a type of algae, white, grayish-white and pale yellow in color. The material is white, grayish-white or pale yellow in color. It is porous and highly absorbent, but light and brittle. It was originally used as a material for polishing, fireproofing and shichirin, but in recent years, it has been used as a material with high moisture absorption and desorption, odor and sound absorption, as well as for the production of a variety of other applications. Because of its insulating properties, it has attracted attention as an anti-sick house measure and is often used for the interior and exterior walls of homes.


競売 [KEIBAI] (けいばい) , [KYOUBAI] (きょうばい)

A system whereby a creditor sells the debtor’s property (real estate) through a court of law to the offeror at the highest price and receives payment of the debt from the proceeds of that sale.


軽量鉄骨造 [KEIRYOU TEKKOTSU ZO] (けいりょう てっこつぞう)

Housing made of steel less than 6 mm thick.

*重量鉄骨造 [JYURYOU TEKKOTSU ZO] (じゅうりょうてっこつぞう): Housing made of steel more than 6 mm in thick


下水 [GESUI] (げすい)

Water that is discharged as unwanted and consists of rainwater and sewage.

*上水 [JOUSUI] (じょうすい): water supply


減価償却 [GENKA SHOKYAKU] (げんかしょうきゃく)

In corporate accounting, it refers to a method of expensing assets that will be used for a long period of time.


現況有姿 [GENKYO YUSHI] (げんきょう ゆうし) = 現状有姿 [GENJO YUSHI] (げんじょうゆうし)

Generally speaking, it means “as it is in its present condition”. In the dealings in real estate,  it is often mentioned “GENKYO YUSHI”  on the contract.  In many cases, it seems to be interpreted as “Even if the condition of the property changes between contract and deliver (at the time you will be handed over of the key = closing), it will still be delivered in the same condition it was in at the time of delivery” (e.g., if a piece of wallpaper is torn between the contract and delivery, it is delivered in a torn state.).

However, it doesn’t mean that the seller don’t have to bear a responsibility = 瑕疵担保責任 [KASHI TANPO SEKININ] (かしたんぽせきにん) even though it is 現況有姿売買 [GENKYOU YUSHI BAIBAI] “Purchace and sale with the condition of GENKYO YUSHI”.

Since it is not a law term and there is no clear definition about GENKYO YUSHI, you should ask a real estate agent for more detail definition.


検査済証 [KENSA SUMI SHO] (けんさすみしょう)

An inspection certificate.  it is a certificate specified in the Building Standards Law that indicates that a building and its site comply with the building standards-related regulations. This is a document that certifies that the building is in good condition. In principle, a building approved through an application for a building permit must undergo a completion inspection upon completion.

Older buildings often do not have an inspection certificate.


原状回復義務 [GENJOKAIFUKU GIMU] (げんじょうかいふくぎむ)

The obligation to restore the property to its original condition is to restore the decrease in the value of the property caused by the lessee’s occupancy and use, such as willful negligence or negligence on the part of the lessee, breach of the duty of care of a good manager, or other wear and tear caused by use that exceeds normal use.

A security deposit or security deposit that you pay when you move in. These are money that the landlord takes in advance to cover the cost of restoring a room to its original state if it is stained or damaged by the tenant. Also, as the landlord, you can guarantee the risk of non-payment of rent by keeping a security deposit or security deposit.

Restoration isn’t about restoring them to the condition they were in when they moved in.

The tenant does not have to pay for any damage or stains caused by living in nature, but the landlord should pay for them within the security deposit.

So what’s the damage or stains caused by living in nature?


経年劣化 [KEINEN REKKA] (けいねんれっか)

Degradation of quality over time. Continued use in the normal way as well as a decline in quality due to rain and wind, moisture, temperature changes, sunshine, etc. Wear and tear due to wear and tear, such as abrasion and stains, is also an age-related deterioration.


欠陥住宅 [KEKKAN JYUTAKU] (けっかんじゅうたく)

Defective house. Defective homes are homes that do not meet building codes and other standards or are not constructed according to the blueprints. A defective house is a house with defects in housing, safety and comfort. Defective houses have a variety of causes, such as cutting corners in parts that are not visible to the eye to reduce costs or reducing quality. Sometimes it’s intentional, but sometimes it’s not.
Sometimes it’s due to a lack of skill or error on the part of the designer or builder.


建築確認 [KENCHIKU KAKUNIN] (けんちくかくにん)

A system under which a building plan for a building (including extension or reconstruction of building) must be confirmed as complying with the building standards (minimum standards for the site, structure, equipment and use of the building) as stipulated by law before construction can begin; or the act of such confirmation.


建築年月 [KENCHIKU NENGETSU] (けんちくねんげつ)

The month and year built the building


建築基準法 [KENCHIKU KIJUN HOU] (けんちくきじゅんほう)

An Act that establishes minimum standards for the site, equipment, construction and use of buildings for the protection of life, health and property of the people.


建築条件付き土地 [KENCHIKU JOUKEN TSUKI TOCHI] (けんちくじょうけんつきとち)

The land with the condition that the purchaser of the lot simultaneously orders the sub divider (developer) to build a house on the lot.

* 売建住宅 [URITATE JYUTAKY] (うりたてじゅうたく): A single-house built as a subdivision housing by a developer. When subdividing a developed lot, the purchaser of the lot simultaneously orders the sub divider (developer) to build a house on the lot.


建築不可 [KENCHIKU FUKA] (けんちくふか)

The inability to rebuild or build anew. (e.g. land less than 2 meters from the road, or land in 市街化調整区域 [SHIGAIKA CHOUSEI KUIKI] (しがいかちょうせいくいき) “an urbanization control area”)


建築面積 [KENCHIKU MENSEKI] (けんちくめんせき) = 建坪 [TATETSUBO] (たてつぼ)

It refers to the horizontal projected area of the area enclosed by the centerline of a building’s columns and walls. When there are eaves protruding more than 1m, only the area from the tip of the eaves to the line set back 1m shall be included in the building area.


建ぺい率 [KENPEI RITSU] (けんぺいりつ)

It is the value of the building area divided by the site area.
For example, if the site area is 100 square meters and the building area of the house on the site is 50 square meters, the building coverage ratio of this house is 50%.


権利証 [KENRISHOU] (けんりしょう) = 登記済証 [TOUKISUMI SHOU] (とうきすみしょう)

A duplicate copy of the application for registration was submitted to the Legal Affairs Bureau at the time of registration, and the duplicate was returned to the Legal Affairs Bureau with a stamp of “registered” when the registration was completed (registered certificate).